Understanding Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is an uncontrolled growth of breast cells. The cancerous cells can spread through the breast to lymph nodes or to other parts of the body. These cells start dividing rapidly and continue to accumulate, forming a lump or mass.
The changed cells gain the ability to keep dividing without control or order, producing more cells just like them and forming a tumour. A tumour can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Breast cancer is always caused by a genetic abnormality. However, only 5-10% of cancers are caused due to an abnormality inherited from mother’s or father’s side. 85-90% of breast cancers are caused due to genetic abnormalities that happen as a result of gene mutation in own body that can happen due to several reasons such as ageing.
There are steps every person can take to help the body stay as healthy as possible, such as eating a balanced diet, maintaining a healthy weight, not smoking, limiting alcohol, reducing stress levels and exercising regularly. While these may have some impact on reducing the risk of getting breast cancer, they cannot eliminate the risk completely.